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Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2016 Apr 4;3:17. doi: 10.1186/s40697-016-0110-0. eCollection 2016.

Primary care physicians' perceived barriers and facilitators to conservative care for older adults with chronic kidney disease: design of a mixed methods study.

Author information

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada.
2
Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada ; Department of Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada.
3
Department of Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada.
4
Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Canada ; Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Professional Faculties, Room 2209, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 Canada.

Abstract

in English, French

BACKGROUND:

Guideline committees have identified the need for research to inform the provision of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) who have a high burden of comorbidity or functional impairment. We will use both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to provide a comprehensive understanding of barriers and facilitators to care for these patients in primary care.

OBJECTIVES:

Our objectives are to (1) interview primary care physicians to determine their perspectives of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 CKD and (2) survey primary care physicians to determine the prevalence of key barriers and facilitators to provision of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 CKD.

DESIGN:

A sequential exploratory mixed methods design was adopted for this study. The first phase of the study will involve fundamental qualitative description and the second phase will be a cross-sectional population-based survey.

SETTING:

The research is conducted in Alberta, Canada.

PARTICIPANTS:

The participants are primary care physicians with experience in providing care for older adults with stage 5 CKD not planning on initiating dialysis.

METHODS:

The first objective will be achieved by undertaking interviews with primary care physicians from southern Alberta. Participants will be selected purposively to include physicians with a range of characteristics (e.g., age, gender, and location of clinical practice). Interviews will be recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using conventional content analysis to generate themes. The second objective will be achieved by undertaking a population-based survey of primary care physicians in Alberta. The questionnaire will be developed based on the findings from the qualitative interviews and pilot tested for face and content validity. Physicians will be provided multiple options to complete the questionnaire including mail, fax, and online methods. Descriptive statistics and associations between demographic factors and barriers and facilitators to care will be analyzed using regression models.

LIMITATIONS:

A potential limitation of this mixed methods study is its cross-sectional nature.

CONCLUSIONS:

This work will inform development of clinical resources and tools for care of older adults with stage 5 CKD, to address barriers and enable facilitators to community-based conservative care.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic kidney disease; Conservative care; Mixed methods; Non-dialysis care; Older adults; Primary care physicians

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