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Ann Surg. 2016 Dec;264(6):949-958.

Evidence-based Guidelines for the Management of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency After Pancreatic Surgery.

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1
*Department of Surgery, Hospital Clinico, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain †Department of Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Spain ‡Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands §Department of Gastroenterology, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa, Terrassa, Spain ¶Department of Gastroenterology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain ||Department of Surgery, Università Vita e Salute, Ospedale San Raffaele IRCCS, Milano, Italy **Department of Surgery, Institut de Malalties Digestives I Metabòliques, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain ††Department of Medicine, Pancreas Center, University of Verona, Verona, Italy ‡‡Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante, Alicante, Spain. §§Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden ¶¶Department of Surgery, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante, Alicante, Spain. ||||Department of Surgery, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Madrid, Spain ***Department of Gastroenterology, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain †††Unidad de Cirugía Hepato-bilio-pancreática y Trasplante, Hospital Universitari i Politecnic. La Fe, Valencia, Spain ‡‡‡NIHR Pancreas Biomedical Research Unit, Department of Molecular and Clinical Cancer Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK §§§Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Clinico, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain ¶¶¶Unit of Digestive Disease, Agencia Sanitaria Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga ||||||Department Digestive System, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy ****Department of Surgery, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain ††††Department of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Hospital Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain ‡‡‡‡Exocrine Pancreas Research Unit, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Institut de Recerca, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBEREHD, Barcelona, Spain §§§§Department of Digestive Surgery- Division of HBP Surgery, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain ¶¶¶¶Department of Gastroenterology, Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metabòliques, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, CiberEHD, Barcelona, Spain ||||||||Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide evidence-based recommendations for the management of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) after pancreatic surgery.

BACKGROUND:

EPI is a common complication after pancreatic surgery but there is certain confusion about its frequency, optimal methods of diagnosis, and when and how to treat these patients.

METHODS:

Eighteen multidisciplinary reviewers performed a systematic review on 10 predefined questions following the GRADE methodology. Six external expert referees reviewed the retrieved information. Members from Spanish Association of Pancreatology were invited to suggest modifications and voted for the quantification of agreement.

RESULTS:

These guidelines analyze the definition of EPI after pancreatic surgery, (one question), its frequency after specific techniques and underlying disease (four questions), its clinical consequences (one question), diagnosis (one question), when and how to treat postsurgical EPI (two questions) and its impact on the quality of life (one question). Eleven statements answering those 10 questions were provided: one (9.1%) was rated as a strong recommendation according to GRADE, three (27.3%) as moderate and seven (63.6%) as weak. All statements had strong agreement.

CONCLUSIONS:

EPI is a frequent but under-recognized complication of pancreatic surgery. These guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations for the definition, diagnosis, and management of EPI after pancreatic surgery.

PMID:
27045859
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0000000000001732
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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