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J Health Psychol. 2017 Dec;22(14):1841-1850. doi: 10.1177/1359105316637667. Epub 2016 Apr 4.

Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: A meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.

Author information

1
1 University of Surrey, UK.
2
2 Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, USA.
3
3 Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, USA.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that mindfulness training has a promising potential for smoking treatment. In order to examine the efficacy of mindfulness training in smoking cessation, we performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Four randomized controlled trials with 474 patients were included in our analysis. The results showed that 25.2 percent of participants remained abstinent for more than 4 months in the mindfulness group compared to 13.6 percent of those who received usual care therapy (relative risk, 1.88; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04-3.40). Our results suggest that mindfulness training may have an important role to play in efforts to lower cigarette smoking rates.

KEYWORDS:

addiction; meditation; mindfulness; smoking cessation; tobacco

PMID:
27044630
DOI:
10.1177/1359105316637667
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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