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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2016 Jun;31:94-100. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2016.03.011. Epub 2016 Apr 1.

DNA repair genes in the Megavirales pangenome.

Author information

1
Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.
2
Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan. Electronic address: ogata@kuicr.kyoto-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

The order 'Megavirales' represents a group of eukaryotic viruses with a large genome encoding a few hundred up to two thousand five hundred genes. Several members of Megavirales possess genes involved in major DNA repair pathways. Some of these genes were likely inherited from an ancient virus world and some others were derived from the genomes of their hosts. Here we examine molecular phylogenies of key DNA repair enzymes in light of recent hypotheses on the origin of Megavirales, and propose that the last common ancestors of the individual families of the order Megavirales already possessed DNA repair functions to achieve and maintain a moderately large genome and that this repair capacity gradually increased, in a family-dependent manner, during their recent evolution.

PMID:
27042991
DOI:
10.1016/j.mib.2016.03.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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