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J Immunotoxicol. 2016 Sep;13(5):620-7. doi: 10.3109/1547691X.2016.1143539. Epub 2016 Apr 4.

FoxO1 regulates apoptosis induced by asbestos in the MT-2 human T-cell line.

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a Department of Hygiene , Kawasaki Medical School , Kurashiki , Japan ;
b Department of Biofunctional Chemistry, Division of Bioscience , Okayama University Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology , Okayama , Japan.


Asbestos is known to cause malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer. Recent studies implicate tumor immunity in the development of various tumors, including malignant mesothelioma. In order to establish an in vitro T-cell model to clarify the effects of long-term exposure of asbestos on tumor immunity, in this study, human T-cell line MT-2 cells were cultured with asbestos for longer than 8 months and the resultant cells (MT-2Rst) were assessed for the expression of forkhead transcription factor FoxO1. Gene expression analysis revealed that the amount of FoxO1 mRNA decreased after long-term exposure of the MT-2 cells to asbestos. In accordance with this reduction in FoxO1, pro-apoptotic Foxo1 target genes Puma, Fas ligand and Bim were also seen to be down-regulated in MT-2Rst cells. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated knock-down of FoxO1 reduced the number of apoptotic parental MT-2 cells after treatment with asbestos. On the other hand, over-expression of FoxO1 did not affect asbestos-induced apoptosis in MT-2Rst cells. These results suggested that FoxO1 played an important role in regulating asbestos-induced apoptosis and confirmed the presence of multiple pathways regulating resistance to asbestos in MT-2Rst cells.


Asbestos; FoxO1; apoptosis; regulatory T-cell; transcription factor

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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