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Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2016 Jul;32(2):411-23. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2016.01.010. Epub 2016 Apr 1.

Tritrichomonas foetus Prevention and Control in Cattle.

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Great Plains Veterinary Educational Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P.O. Box 148, Clay Center, NE 68352, USA. Electronic address:


Bovine trichomoniasis has been recognized as a pathogen of the bovine reproductive tract for nearly 100 years. Although characteristics of the causative organism, Tritrichomonas foetus lend to control and there are examples of disease eradication, cattle producers are still faced with this disease. This article highlights the clinical presentation, magnitude of effect, risk factors, epidemiology, and sample collection and suggests applications in developing herd-level control measures for beef cattle producers including testing strategies for control, testing strategies for surveillance, strategies to eliminate trichomoniasis from infected herds, and strategies for prevention in uninfected herds.


Cattle; Reproduction; Trichomoniasis; Tritrichomonas foetus; Venereal disease

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