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Glycobiology. 2016 Dec;26(12):1328-1337. Epub 2016 Apr 2.

α2-6 sialylation is a marker of the differentiation potential of human mesenchymal stem cells.

Author information

1
Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery (BRD), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan h-tateno@aist.go.jp.
2
Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery (BRD), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan.
3
Department of Research Team for Geriatric Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.
4
Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery (BRD), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 5, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan.
5
Department of Reproductive Biology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya, Tokyo 157-8535, Japan.

Abstract

Human somatic stem cells such as human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are considered attractive cell sources for stem cell-based therapy. However, quality control issues have been raised concerning their safety and efficacy. Here we used lectin microarray technology to identify cell surface glycans as markers of the differentiation potential of stem cells. We found that α2-6Sia-specific lectins show stronger binding to early passage adipose-derived hMSCs (with differentiation ability) than late passage cells (without the ability to differentiate). Flow cytometry analysis using α2-6Sia-specific lectins supported the results obtained by lectin microarray. Similar results were obtained for bone marrow-derived hMSCs and cartilage tissue-derived chondrocytes. Little or no binding of α2-6Sia-specific lectins was observed for human dermal fibroblasts, which are unable to differentiate, suggesting that the binding of α2-6Sia-specific lectins is associated with the differentiation ability of cells, but not to their capacity to proliferate. Quantitative analysis of the linkage mode of Sia using anion-exchange chromatography showed that the percentage of α2-6Sia linkage type was higher in early passage adipose-derived hMSCs than late passage cells. Integrinα5 was found to be a carrier protein of α2-6Sia. Sialidase treatment significantly reduced the differentiation efficiency of bone marrow-derived hMSCs. Based on these findings, we propose that α2-6sialylation is a marker of differentiation potential in stem cells such as adipose-derived hMSCs, bone marrow-derived hMSCs, and cartilage tissue-derived chondrocytes.

KEYWORDS:

differentiation; lectin; regenerative medicine; sialic acid; stem cells

PMID:
27038486
DOI:
10.1093/glycob/cww039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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