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Bone Joint J. 2016 Apr;98-B(4):437-41. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.98B4.36767.

Allergy in total knee arthroplasty: a review of the facts.

Author information

1
Royal Devon and Exeter Hospitals Foundation Trust, Barrack Rd, Exeter, EX2 5DW, UK.

Abstract

We explored the literature surrounding whether allergy and hypersensitivity has a clinical basis for implant selection in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In error, the terms hypersensitivity and allergy are often used synonymously. Although a relationship is present, we could not find any evidence of implant failure due to allergy. There is however increasing basic science that suggests a link between loosening and metal ion production. This is not an allergic response but is a potential problem. With a lack of evidence logically there can be no justification to use 'hypoallergenic' implants in patients who have pre-existing skin sensitivity to the metals used in TKA.

KEYWORDS:

Total knee arthroplasty; allergy; metal hypersensitivity

PMID:
27037424
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620X.98B4.36767
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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