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Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2016 Jun;9(6):476-83. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-15-0213. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Rapid Fiber-optic Raman Spectroscopy for Real-Time In Vivo Detection of Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia during Clinical Gastroscopy.

Author information

1
Optical Bioimaging Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.
2
Optical Bioimaging Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
3
Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.
4
Department of Pathology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.
5
Optical Bioimaging Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore. biehzw@nus.edu.sg.

Abstract

We report a unique simultaneous fingerprint (FP) and high-wavenumber (HW) Raman spectroscopy technique coupled with a beveled fiber-optic Raman probe for improving in vivo detection of gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM)-precancerous lesions in real-time during clinical gastroscopy. A total of 4,520 high-quality in vivo FP/HW gastric Raman spectra (normal = 4,178; IM = 342) were acquired from 157 gastric patients undergoing endoscopic examination. Multivariate diagnostic algorithms based on principal components analysis and linear discriminant analysis together with the leave-one tissue site-out, cross-validation on in vivo tissue Raman spectra yield the diagnostic sensitivities of 89.3%, 89.3%, and 75.0%; specificities of 92.2%, 84.4%, and 82.0%; positive predictive values of 52.1%, 35.2%, and 28.4%; and negative predictive values of 98.9%, 98.8%, and 97.2%, respectively, by using the integrated FP/HW, FP, and HW Raman techniques for identifying IM from normal gastric tissue. Further, ROC curves generated show that the integrated FP/HW Raman technique gives the integration area under the ROC curve of 0.92 for IM classification, which is superior to either FP (0.89) or HW Raman (0.86) technique alone. This work demonstrates for the first time that the simultaneous FP/HW fiber-optic Raman spectroscopy has great potential to enhance early diagnosis of gastric precancer in vivo during routine endoscopic examination. Cancer Prev Res; 9(6); 476-83.

PMID:
27034388
DOI:
10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-15-0213
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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