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Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2016 Aug;198:8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.03.014. Epub 2016 Mar 23.

Rearing Mozambique tilapia in tidally-changing salinities: Effects on growth and the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor I axis.

Author information

1
Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744, USA; Department of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
2
Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744, USA.
3
Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744, USA; University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA.
4
Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744, USA. Electronic address: seale@hawaii.edu.

Abstract

The growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis plays a central role in the regulation of growth in teleosts and has been shown to be affected by acclimation salinity. This study was aimed at characterizing the effects of rearing tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, in a tidally-changing salinity on the GH/IGF axis and growth. Tilapia were raised in fresh water (FW), seawater (SW), or in a tidally-changing environment, in which salinity is switched between FW (TF) and SW (TS) every 6h, for 4months. Growth was measured over all time points recorded and fish reared in a tidally-changing environment grew significantly faster than other groups. The levels of circulating growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), pituitary GH mRNA, gene expression of IGF-I, IGF-II, and growth hormone receptor 2 (GHR) in the muscle and liver were also determined. Plasma IGF-I was higher in FW and TS than in SW and TF tilapia. Pituitary GH mRNA was higher in TF and TS than in FW and SW tilapia. Gene expression of IGF-I in the liver and of GHR in both the muscle and liver changed between TF and TS fish. Fish growth was positively correlated with GH mRNA expression in the pituitary, and GHR mRNA expression in muscle and liver tissues. Our study indicates that rearing fish under tidally-changing salinities elicits a distinct pattern of endocrine regulation from that observed in fish reared in steady-state conditions, and may provide a new approach to increase tilapia growth rate and study the regulation of growth in euryhaline fish.

PMID:
27032617
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.03.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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