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Gut. 1989 Feb;30(2):213-22.

Plasma concentrations of cholecystokinin, CCK-8, and CCK-33, 39 in rats, determined by a method based on enzyme digestion of gastrin before HPLC and RIA detection of CCK.

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Department of Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


A new specific method for determination of cholecystokinin, CCK-8, and CCK-33, 39 in rat plasma is described. Plasma CCK radioimmunoassay (RIA) is difficult, because of cross-reactivity with gastrin. In the rat, problems because of difficulties in separating gastrin from CCK by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) exist. These were solved by enzyme digestion of gastrin before HPLC separation of molecular variants of CCK from gastrin fragments. Cholecystokinin immunoreactive forms in the HPLC fractions were determined by an antibody, which recognises the carboxyl terminus of CCK and gastrin. Fasting concentrations of small (CCK-8) and large (CCK-33, 39) molecular forms of CCK averaged 1.9 (0.3) pM and were raised to 13.4 (3.8) pM in rats fed ad libitum. Cholecystokinin in lactating rats rose two-fold after suckling, compared with 2.8 fold in response to feeding. The basal ratio between CCK-8 and CCK-33, 39 was approximately 1:1, but increased in favour of CCK-8 after feeding and in response to suckling. Gastrin like immunoreactivity measured in unextracted plasma was found to rise after feeding, but was unchanged in response to suckling.

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