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J Affect Disord. 2016 Jul 1;198:230-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.03.047. Epub 2016 Mar 15.

Similarities between emotional dysregulation in adults suffering from ADHD and bipolar patients.

Author information

1
Service of psychiatric specialties, Department of mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: helene.richard-lepouriel@hcuge.ch.
2
Inserm, U955, Equipe Psychiatrie Translationnelle, Créteil 94000, France; Université Paris Est, Faculté de Médecine, Créteil 94000, France; AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, DHU Pepsy, Pôle de Psychiatrie et d'Addictologie, Créteil 94000, France; Fondation Fondamental, Créteil 94000, France.
3
Service of psychiatric specialties, Department of mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
4
Fondation Fondamental, Créteil 94000, France; AP-HP, GH Saint-Louis - Lariboisière - Fernand Widal, Pôle Neurosciences, 75010 Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, UMR-S 1144, 75006 Paris, France.
5
Fondation Fondamental, Créteil 94000, France; Hôpital Charles Perrens, Service de psychiatrie adulte, Pôle 3-4-7, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
6
Fondation Fondamental, Créteil 94000, France; Service de Psychiatrie et Psychologie Clinique, CHU de Nancy, Hôpitaux de Brabois, Vandoeuvre Les Nancy 54500, France.
7
Department of Cardiology and Endodontology, Treatment Plan Unit and Division of Operative Dentistry, Dental School, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
8
Service of psychiatric specialties, Department of mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
9
Inserm, U955, Equipe Psychiatrie Translationnelle, Créteil 94000, France; Université Paris Est, Faculté de Médecine, Créteil 94000, France; AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, DHU Pepsy, Pôle de Psychiatrie et d'Addictologie, Créteil 94000, France; Institut Pasteur, Unité Perception et Mémoire, 75015 Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Emotional dysregulation in subjects with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a topic of growing interest among clinicians and researchers. The present study aims at investigating components of emotional dysregulation in adults ADHD compared to subjects suffering from bipolar disorder (BD).

METHODS:

A total of 150 adults ADHD, 335 adults BD subjects and 48 controls were assessed using the Affective Lability Scale (ALS) and the Affect Intensity Measure (AIM), measuring respectively emotion lability and emotion responsiveness.

RESULTS:

ADHD and BD subjects scored significantly higher on the ALS compared to controls (p=0.0001). BD subjects scored above ADHD ones (3.07 (SD=0.66) vs. 2.30 (SD=0.68); p<0.0001). The average total scores achieved on the AIM were significantly different for the three groups (p=0.0001) with significantly higher scores for ADHD subjects compared to BD ones (3.74 (SD=0.59) vs. 3.56 (SD=0.69); p<0.0001).

LIMITATIONS:

Suspected cases of ADHD in the BD and control groups were derived from the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). This study is a retrospective one.

CONCLUSION:

Our study thus highlights the importance of emotional dysregulation in adults suffering from ADHD, showing that they display higher emotional intensity than bipolar disorder subjects and controls. Although the current diagnostic criteria of ADHD do not contain an emotional dimension, a better recognition of the significance of emotional responsiveness in ADHD patients can improve the care afforded to these patients, beyond the inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive components.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; Affective intensity; Affective lability; Emotion; Mood disorders; Psychiatry

PMID:
27031290
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2016.03.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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