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J Clin Periodontol. 2016 Jul;43(7):595-602. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12552. Epub 2016 May 23.

Impact of dentine hypersensitivity on oral health-related quality of life in individuals receiving supportive periodontal care.

Author information

1
Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the prevalence and impact of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in individuals receiving supportive periodontal care (SPC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

One hundred and two adults receiving SPC were recruited for a cross-sectional study. Subjects were categorized into those who self-reported DH (DH1) or did not (DH0). Impact of DH on OHRQoL was assessed using the Chinese Condition-Specific Oral Impact on Daily Performance questionnaire (CS-OIDP). Evaluation of DH included tactile-stimulation followed by air-blast, and recorded using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).

RESULTS:

Sixty-one (59.8%) subjects self-reported DH with mean air-blast VAS score of 29.4 ± 21.3 mm and mean tactile-stimulation VAS score of 10.9 ± 14.7 mm. Fifty (49%) subjects reported impact on OHRQoL (mean CS-OIDP score = 4.7 ± 6.3). The most affected performance was cleaning the mouth (35.3%). Positive expression of DH and worse OHRQoL were associated with higher air-blast and tactile-stimulation VAS scores, and use of desensitizing agents. The minimally important difference (MID) in CS-OIDP scores was 2.0 points. Approximately 30% of the subjects reported CS-OIDP scores above the MID.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dentine hypersensitivity affects OHRQoL in patients undergoing SPC. The extent of impact was associated with severity of DH.

KEYWORDS:

dentine sensitivity; oral health; periodontal diseases; periodontitis; quality of life

PMID:
27028655
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.12552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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