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Clin Exp Immunol. 1989 Feb;75(2):228-33.

Immunity to Salmonella typhi: considerations relevant to measurement of cellular immunity in typhoid-endemic regions.

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201.


Experiments were performed in Baltimore, Maryland and in Santiago, Chile, to determine the level of Salmonella typhi antigen-driven in vitro lymphocyte replication response which signifies specific acquired immunity to this bacterium and to determine the best method of data analysis and form of data presentation. Lymphocyte replication was measured as incorporation of 3H-thymidine into desoxyribonucleic acid. Data (ct/min/culture) were analyzed in raw form and following log transformation, by non-parametric and parametric statistical procedures. A preference was developed for log-transformed data and discriminant analysis. Discriminant analysis of log-transformed data revealed 3H-thymidine incorporation rates greater than 3,433 for particulate S. typhi, Ty2 antigen stimulated cultures signified acquired immunity at a sensitivity and specificity of 82.7; for soluble S. typhi O polysaccharide antigen-stimulated cultures, ct/min/culture values of greater than 1,237 signified immunity (sensitivity and specificity 70.5%).

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