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BMC Cancer. 2016 Mar 29;16:254. doi: 10.1186/s12885-016-2282-5.

Response to post-axitinib treatment in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, 9500 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH, USA. namita.chittoria@yahoo.com.
2
Veteran Affairs Medical Center, 800 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA. namita.chittoria@yahoo.com.
3
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, 9500 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH, USA.
4
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
5
University of Virginia, 1240 Lee St., Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Axitinib is a potent inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor family with clinical activity in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Given this biochemical potency, the clinical activity of subsequent treatment with targeted therapies in patients progressing on axitinib is of interest.

METHODS:

Patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma of any pathologic subtype treated with at least one cycle (four weeks) of axitinib followed by at least one subsequent targeted therapy were investigated in a retrospective analysis. Patient characteristics, duration of treatment and clinical outcomes were analyzed for axitinib and each subsequent line of therapy by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).

RESULTS:

Twenty-five mRCC patients who received at least one approved targeted agent following axitinib were identified. Eight percent of patients achieved a partial response (one patient each to sunitinib and pazopanib) and 42 % had a best response of stable disease to the first therapy after axitinib. The estimated median duration of therapy was 4.4 months (range, 0.2-27.5+). Twelve patients received a second post-axitinib targeted therapy. Six out of 11 evaluable patients (55 %) had a best response of SD. The estimated median duration of treatment was 4.8 months (range, 0.7-19.1+).

CONCLUSION:

Objective responses and stable disease is observed to post-axitinib targeted therapies and prospective studies are needed for validating role of predictive biomarkers.

KEYWORDS:

Axitinib; Predictive biomarkers; Renal cell carcinoma; Sunitinib; VEGF inhibitors; mTOR inhibitors

PMID:
27026229
PMCID:
PMC4810513
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-016-2282-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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