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J Sci Med Sport. 2016 Dec;19(12):1010-1014. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.03.001. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Goal motives and multiple-goal striving in sport and academia: A person-centered investigation of goal motives and inter-goal relations.

Author information

1
Physical Education and Sport Studies Department, Newman University, UK. Electronic address: laura.healy@newman.ac.uk.
2
Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine Research Group, School of Psychology & Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Australia.
3
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This investigation extended the goal striving literature by examining motives for two goals being pursued simultaneously. Grounded in self-determination theory, we examined how student-athletes' motives for their sporting and academic goals were associated with inter-goal facilitation and interference.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional survey.

METHODS:

UK university student-athletes (n=204) identified their most important sporting and academic goals. They then rated their extrinsic, introjected, identified and intrinsic motives for these goals and completed questionnaires assessing inter-goal facilitation and interference.

RESULTS:

Using a person-centered approach via latent profile analysis, we identified three distinct profiles of goal motives. Auxiliary analyses showed that the profile with high identified motives for both goals reported greater inter-goal facilitation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Extending the previous literature, the findings demonstrate the benefits of autonomous motives when simultaneously pursing goals in sport and academia.

KEYWORDS:

Goals; Inter-goal facilitation; Inter-goal interference; Latent profile analysis; Motivation; Self-determination theory

PMID:
27025304
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsams.2016.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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