Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Dev Biol. 1989 Sep;33(3):379-87.

Origins of the neurovascular bundle: interactions between developing nerves and blood vessels in embryonic chick skin.

Author information

Zoology Department, Oxford University, U.K.


Growth cones of nerves and endothelial cells of blood vessels are closely analogous in their migratory behavior, and they are both set a similar task during the early development of a limb. Both must invade the mesenchyme to form ramifying networks of large nerves and vessels. Both systems must densely pervade certain regions of the developing limb, such as muscle rudiments, and both form dense cutaneous plexuses at precisely the same depth beneath the epidermis. Moreover, adult tissues show many examples of neurovascular bundles in which nerves and blood vessels run closely parallel and branch in a correlated fashion, suggesting some interdependence during development. We have examined the interrelationship between developing nerves and blood vessels in chick wing skin because it allows a particularly convenient two-dimensional analysis of the two systems which can be revealed simultaneously in the same preparation by injection of Indian ink combined with silver-staining. We show that nerves do not use blood vessels as pathways along which to crawl, but that there are two other ways in which neurovascular associations arise: in some situations nerves and blood vessels follow the same route because they are responding independently to the same mesenchymal cues; and in some situations nerves induce blood vessels to remodel around them.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for The International Journal of Developmental Biology
    Loading ...
    Support Center