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Parasitol Res. 2016 Jun;115(6):2415-22. doi: 10.1007/s00436-016-4993-6. Epub 2016 Mar 28.

Toxoplasma gondii ROP18: potential to manipulate host cell mitochondrial apoptosis.

Author information

1
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, National Center of International Research on Tropical Diseases, Shanghai, 200025, China.
2
School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China.
3
School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China. chensxia@163.com.
4
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, National Center of International Research on Tropical Diseases, Shanghai, 200025, China. caojp@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that may manipulate host cell mitochondrial apoptosis pathways. In our experiment, 293T cells were transfected with the p3×FLAG-CMV-Myc-ROP18 vector and expressed the ROP18-Myc fusion protein. Cell apoptosis was induced by 0.5 μg/mL actinomycin D (ActD) and was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI assay. The cell mitochondrial membrane potential was determined by JC-1. Cytochrome c (Cyto-c) from mitochondria and the cytoplasm was measured by Western blot. The Bcl-2 and Bax coding gene expression levels were detected by real-time PCR. We found, in vitro, that T. gondii ROP18 significantly suppressed 293T cell apoptosis induced by ActD and maintained mitochondrial membrane potential and integrity, thereby preventing the release of Cyto-c from mitochondria into the cytoplasm. The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in ROP18-overexpressing cells was significantly higher than that of the negative control. Therefore, we speculate that ROP18 could suppress host cell apoptosis via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway in vitro.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Mitochondrial apoptosis pathway; ROP18; Toxoplasma gondii

PMID:
27021182
DOI:
10.1007/s00436-016-4993-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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