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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2016 Jul 1;95(3):1050-1057. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2016.01.049. Epub 2016 Feb 2.

Seed Placement in Permanent Breast Seed Implant Brachytherapy: Are Concerns Over Accuracy Valid?

Author information

1
Department of Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency, Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: dmorton@bccancer.bc.ca.
2
Department of Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency, Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
3
Department of Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency, Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.
4
Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate seed placement accuracy in permanent breast seed implant brachytherapy (PBSI), to identify any systematic errors and evaluate their effect on dosimetry.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Treatment plans and postimplant computed tomography scans for 20 PBSI patients were spatially registered and used to evaluate differences between planned and implanted seed positions, termed seed displacements. For each patient, the mean total and directional seed displacements were determined in both standard room coordinates and in needle coordinates relative to needle insertion angle. Seeds were labeled according to their proximity to the anatomy within the breast, to evaluate the influence of anatomic regions on seed placement. Dosimetry within an evaluative target volume (seroma + 5 mm), skin, breast, and ribs was evaluated to determine the impact of seed placement on the treatment.

RESULTS:

The overall mean (±SD) difference between implanted and planned positions was 9 ± 5 mm for the aggregate seed population. No significant systematic directional displacements were observed for this whole population. However, for individual patients, systematic displacements were observed, implying that intrapatient offsets occur during the procedure. Mean displacements for seeds in the different anatomic areas were not found to be significantly different from the mean for the entire seed population. However, small directional trends were observed within the anatomy, potentially indicating some bias in the delivery. Despite observed differences between the planned and implanted seed positions, the median (range) V90 for the 20 patients was 97% (66%-100%), and acceptable dosimetry was achieved for critical structures.

CONCLUSIONS:

No significant trends or systematic errors were observed in the placement of seeds in PBSI, including seeds implanted directly into the seroma. Recorded seed displacements may be related to intrapatient setup adjustments. Despite observed seed displacements, acceptable postimplant dosimetry was achieved.

PMID:
27020105
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2016.01.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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