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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2016 Apr;30:151-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2016.03.005. Epub 2016 Mar 24.

Molecular control of crop shade avoidance.

Author information

1
Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
2
Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: jnmaloof@ucdavis.edu.
3
Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: sbrady@ucdavis.edu.

Abstract

The shade avoidance response (SAR) in crops can be detrimental to yield, as precious carbon resources are redirected to stem or petiole elongation at the expense of biomass production. While breeding efforts have inadvertently attenuated this response in staple crops through correlated selection for yield at high density, it has not been eliminated. The extensive work done in Arabidopsis has provided a detailed understanding of the SAR and can be used as a framework for understanding the SAR in crop species. Recent crop SAR works point to auxin as a key factor in regulating the SAR in several crop species. These works also clearly demonstrate that one model for crop SAR will not fit all, and thus we need to move forward with studying the genetic players of the SAR in several model crop species. In this review, we provide the current knowledge of the SAR as reported at the physiological and molecular levels.

PMID:
27016665
DOI:
10.1016/j.pbi.2016.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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