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Plant Physiol. 2016 May;171(1):580-9. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.00355. Epub 2016 Mar 25.

Photosynthesis Activates Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase via Sugar Accumulation.

Author information

1
Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science (M.O., S.I., T.K.), and Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (K.K., T.K.), Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.
2
Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science (M.O., S.I., T.K.), and Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (K.K., T.K.), Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan kinoshita@bio.nagoya-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Plant plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase acts as a primary transporter via proton pumping and regulates diverse physiological responses by controlling secondary solute transport, pH homeostasis, and membrane potential. Phosphorylation of the penultimate threonine and the subsequent binding of 14-3-3 proteins in the carboxyl terminus of the enzyme are required for H(+)-ATPase activation. We showed previously that photosynthesis induces phosphorylation of the penultimate threonine in the nonvascular bryophyte Marchantia polymorpha However, (1) whether this response is conserved in vascular plants and (2) the process by which photosynthesis regulates H(+)-ATPase phosphorylation at the plasma membrane remain unresolved issues. Here, we report that photosynthesis induced the phosphorylation and activation of H(+)-ATPase in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaves via sugar accumulation. Light reversibly phosphorylated leaf H(+)-ATPase, and this process was inhibited by pharmacological and genetic suppression of photosynthesis. Immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses indicated that light-induced phosphorylation of H(+)-ATPase occurred autonomously in mesophyll cells. We also show that the phosphorylation status of H(+)-ATPase and photosynthetic sugar accumulation in leaves were positively correlated and that sugar treatment promoted phosphorylation. Furthermore, light-induced phosphorylation of H(+)-ATPase was strongly suppressed in a double mutant defective in ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase and triose phosphate/phosphate translocator (adg1-1 tpt-2); these mutations strongly inhibited endogenous sugar accumulation. Overall, we show that photosynthesis activated H(+)-ATPase via sugar production in the mesophyll cells of vascular plants. Our work provides new insight into signaling from chloroplasts to the plasma membrane ion transport mechanism.

PMID:
27016447
PMCID:
PMC4854722
DOI:
10.1104/pp.16.00355
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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