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Gynecol Oncol. 2016 Apr;141(1):101-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.12.034.

Germline mutations of the DNA repair pathways in uterine serous carcinoma.

Author information

1
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461, United States.
2
Laboratory of Molecular Biology Peruvian National Institute of Health, Lima 9, Peru.
3
Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, United States.
4
Department of Pathology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, United States.
5
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461, United States. Electronic address: jh3558@cumc.columbia.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Treatment options are limited for patients with uterine serous carcinoma (USC). Knowledge of USC's somatic mutation landscape is rapidly increasing, but its role in hereditary cancers remains unclear. We aim to evaluate the frequency and characteristics of germline mutations in genes commonly implicated in carcinogenesis, including those within homologous recombination (HR) and mismatch repair (MMR) pathways in patients with pure USC.

METHODS:

By using targeted capture exome sequencing, 43 genes were analyzed in a cohort of 7 consecutive patients with paired tumor and non-tumor USC samples in our institutional tumor repository. Mutations predicted to have damaging effects on protein function are validated by Sanger Sequencing.

RESULTS:

We found 21 germline mutations in 11 genes in our USC cohort. Five patients harbored 7 germline mutations (33.3%) within genes involved in the HR pathway, RAD51D being the most common. Four patients had 9 (42.8%) germline mutations in hereditary colon cancer genes, most commonly MLH. All patients (42.7%) who are platinum-sensitive had HR germline mutations (RAD50, NBN, ATM). Patients with HER2 overexpression (2/7, 28.6%) had germline HR mutations and were platinum-sensitive. Three patients in our cohort reported a personal history of breast cancer, one with HR germline mutation, and 2 in patients with germline mutations in HCC genes. In addition, 5 out of 7 patients had germline mutations in genes associated with growth factor signaling pathway.

CONCLUSIONS:

A significant proportion of our cohort harbor germline mutations in DNA repair genes. This may be associated with the high rate of breast cancer in our patients and their family, and suggests a targeted cohort for genetic counseling. If validated in a larger cohort, our findings may allow clinicians to expand therapeutic options to include targeted therapies and inclusion of USC patient in preventative and genetic counseling.

KEYWORDS:

DNA repair genes; Germline mutations; Hereditary gynecological cancer; Next generation sequencing; Uterine serous carcinoma

PMID:
27016235
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.12.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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