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Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Apr;45:23-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2016.01.002. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Molecular evidence of vector-borne pathogens in dogs and cats and their ectoparasites in Algiers, Algeria.

Author information

1
Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, Alger 16000, Algeria; Université Amar Telidji de Laghouat, 03000, Algeria.
2
Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, Alger 16000, Algeria; Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France.
3
Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, Alger 16000, Algeria; Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France; Université de Bab Ezzouar, Laboratoire d'Ecologie et Environnement, Alger 16000, Algeria.
4
Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, Alger 16000, Algeria.
5
Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France.
6
Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France. Electronic address: philippe.parola@univ-amu.fr.

Abstract

In Algeria, only limited information is currently available on the prevalence of emergent canine and feline vector-borne diseases. The aim of the present work was to detect by qPCR vector-associated bacteria in stray dogs and cats and their ectoparasites from Algiers. 18/117 (15.38%) dogs and 2/107 (1.87%) cats were positive for at least one vector-borne agent. Coxiella burnetii and Bartonella henselae were identified in 1/117 (0.85%) dog individually. Ehrlichia canis DNA was detected in 17/117 (14.52%) dogs. 1/107 (0.93%) cat was positive to C. burnetii and another 1/107 (0.93%) to B. henselae. DNA of Rickettsia massiliae, Rickettsia conorii and E. canis was detected in Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Cat fleas were infected with Rickettsia felis, B. henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae. B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii was identified in Xenopsylla cheopis collected from dogs. The findings of this study indicate that dogs and cats from Algeria are exposed to multiple tick and flea-borne pathogens.

KEYWORDS:

Algeria; Bartonella spp.; Cat; Coxiella burnetii; Dog; Ehrlichia canis; Flea; Rickettsia spp.; Tick; qPCR

PMID:
27012917
DOI:
10.1016/j.cimid.2016.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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