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Ayu. 2015 Apr-Jun;36(2):203-7. doi: 10.4103/0974-8520.175548.

Antimicrobial activity of fresh garlic juice: An in vitro study.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Antimicrobial resistance has been a global concern. Currently, interest has been focused on exploring antimicrobial properties of plants and herbs. One such botanical is Allium sativum (garlic).

AIM:

To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of fresh juice of garlic.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Varying concentrations of fresh garlic juice (FGJ) were tested for their antimicrobial activity against common pathogenic organisms isolated at SSG Hospital, Vadodara, using well diffusion method. Moreover, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum lethal concentration (MLC) of FGJ were tested using broth dilution method. Sensitivity pattern of the conventional antimicrobials against common pathogenic bacteria was tested using disc diffusion method.

RESULTS:

FGJ produced dose-dependent increase in the zone of inhibition at a concentration of 10% and higher. MIC of FGJ against the pathogens ranged from 4% to 16% v/v whereas MLC value ranged from 4% to 32% v/v with Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus spp. showed highest sensitivity.

CONCLUSION:

FGJ has definite antimicrobial activity against common pathogenic organisms isolated at SSG Hospital, Vadodara. Further studies are needed to find out the efficacy, safety, and kinetic data of its active ingredients.

KEYWORDS:

Allium sativum; antimicrobial; fresh juice of garlic; minimum inhibitory concentration; minimum lethal concentration; zone of inhibition

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