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Environ Sci Technol. 2016 May 17;50(10):4895-904. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b03827. Epub 2016 May 5.

"What We Breathe Impacts Our Health: Improving Understanding of the Link between Air Pollution and Health".

Author information

1
Environmental Sciences & Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.
2
Health Effects Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02110, United States.
3
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, I. 21027 Ispra, Italy.
4
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Universiteit Utrecht, and Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht , 3584 CJ Utrecht, The Netherlands.
5
State Key Lab for Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University , Beijing 100871, China.
6
Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine , London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom.
7
School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University , New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States.
8
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia , Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.
9
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Iowa , Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United States.
10
Air, Climate & Energy Research Program, Office of Research & Development, Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, North Carolina 27705, United States.
11
Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health , Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States.
12
Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California at Davis , Davis, California 95616, United States.
13
Environmental Research Group, King's College London, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom.
14
Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute , Basel, Switzerland.
15
University of Basel , Basel, Switzerland.
16
Laboratoire d' Aérologie, CNRS-Université de Toulouse , Toulouse 31400, France.
17
Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica , Taipei, Taiwan.
18
Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University , Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada.
19
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States.
20
Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, 55128 Mainz, Germany.
21
Economics, Brigham Young University , Provo, Utah 84602, United States.
22
Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado 80305, United States.
23
Civil & Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States.
24
Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80301, United States.

Abstract

Air pollution contributes to the premature deaths of millions of people each year around the world, and air quality problems are growing in many developing nations. While past policy efforts have succeeded in reducing particulate matter and trace gases in North America and Europe, adverse health effects are found at even these lower levels of air pollution. Future policy actions will benefit from improved understanding of the interactions and health effects of different chemical species and source categories. Achieving this new understanding requires air pollution scientists and engineers to work increasingly closely with health scientists. In particular, research is needed to better understand the chemical and physical properties of complex air pollutant mixtures, and to use new observations provided by satellites, advanced in situ measurement techniques, and distributed micro monitoring networks, coupled with models, to better characterize air pollution exposure for epidemiological and toxicological research, and to better quantify the effects of specific source sectors and mitigation strategies.

PMID:
27010639
DOI:
10.1021/acs.est.5b03827
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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