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Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 24;6:23648. doi: 10.1038/srep23648.

Resolving the spin reorientation and crystal-field transitions in TmFeO3 with terahertz transient.

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Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China.
Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.


Rare earth orthoferrites (RFeO3) exhibit abundant physical properties such as, weak macroscopic magnetization, spin reorientation transition, and magneto-optical effect, especially the terahertz magnetic response, have received lots of attention in recent years. In this work, quasi-ferromagnetic (FM) and quasi-antiferromagnetic (AFM) modes arising from Fe sublattice of TmFeO3 single crystal are characterized in a temperature range from 40 to 300 K, by using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). The magnetic anisotropy constants in ac-plane are estimated according to the temperature-dependent resonant frequencies of both FM and AFM modes. Here, we further observe the broad-band absorptions centered ~0.52, ~0.61, and ~1.15 THz below 110 K, which are reasonably assigned to a series of crystal-field transitions (R modes) of ground multiplets ((6)H3) of Tm(3+) ions. Specially, our finding reveals that the spin reorientation transition at a temperature interval from 93 to 85 K is driven by magnetic anisotropy, however, which plays negligible role on the electronic transitions of Tm ions in the absence of applied magnetic fields.

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