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Age (Dordr). 2016 Apr;38(2):42. doi: 10.1007/s11357-016-9904-3. Epub 2016 Mar 23.

Effect of traditional resistance and power training using rated perceived exertion for enhancement of muscle strength, power, and functional performance.

Author information

1
Department of Sports, School of Physical Education, Faculty of Serra Gaúcha, Caxias do Sul, Brazil. cltiggemann@yahoo.com.br.
2
Exercise Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Univates University Center, Lajeado, Brazil. cltiggemann@yahoo.com.br.
3
Exercise Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. cltiggemann@yahoo.com.br.
4
Department of Sports, School of Physical Education, Faculty of Serra Gaúcha, Caxias do Sul, Brazil.
5
Exercise Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
6
Goiano Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology, Ceres, Brazil.
7
Department of Sports, School of Physical Education, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Abstract

The present study compared the effects of 12 weeks of traditional resistance training and power training using rated perceived exertion (RPE) to determine training intensity on improvements in strength, muscle power, and ability to perform functional task in older women. Thirty healthy elderly women (60-75 years) were randomly assigned to traditional resistance training group (TRT; n = 15) or power training group (PT; n = 15). Participants trained twice a week for 12 weeks using six exercises. The training protocol was designed to ascertain that participants exercised at an RPE of 13-18 (on a 6-20 scale). Maximal dynamic strength, muscle power, and functional performance of lower limb muscles were assessed. Maximal dynamic strength muscle strength leg press (≈58 %) and knee extension (≈20 %) increased significantly (p < 0.001) and similarly in both groups after training. Muscle power also increased with training (≈27 %; p < 0.05), with no difference between groups. Both groups also improved their functional performance after training period (≈13 %; p < 0.001), with no difference between groups. The present study showed that TRT and PT using RPE scale to control intensity were significantly and similarly effective in improving maximal strength, muscle power, and functional performance of lower limbs in elderly women.

KEYWORDS:

Effort; Older women; Rate of force development; Strength training

PMID:
27009295
PMCID:
PMC5005907
DOI:
10.1007/s11357-016-9904-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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