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Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Jun;19:144-51. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2016.03.004. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Associations among family socioeconomic status, EEG power at birth, and cognitive skills during infancy.

Author information

1
Division of Developmental Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address: nhb2111@cumc.columbia.edu.
2
Division of Developmental Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address: wpf1@cumc.columbia.edu.
3
Division of Developmental Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address: mmm3@cumc.columbia.edu.
4
Community & Population Health Sciences, Sanford Research, Sioux Falls, SD, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine at the University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Sanford School of Medicine at the University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States. Electronic address: amy.elliott@sanfordhealth.org.
5
Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Teachers College Columbia University, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address: kgn2106@tc.columbia.edu.

Abstract

Past research has demonstrated links between cortical activity, measured via EEG power, and cognitive processes during infancy. In a separate line of research, family socioeconomic status (SES) has been strongly associated with children's early cognitive development, with socioeconomic disparities emerging during the second year of life for both language and declarative memory skills. The present study examined associations among resting EEG power at birth, SES, and language and memory skills at 15-months in a sample of full-term infants. Results indicate no associations between SES and EEG power at birth. However, EEG power at birth was related to both language and memory outcomes at 15-months. Specifically, frontal power (24-48Hz) was positively correlated with later Visual Paired Comparison (VPC) memory scores. Power (24-35Hz) in the parietal region was positively correlated with later PLS-Auditory Comprehension language scores. These findings suggest that SES disparities in brain activity may not be apparent at birth, but measures of resting neonatal EEG power are correlated with later memory and language skills independently of SES.

KEYWORDS:

EEG; Infancy; Language; Memory; Socioeconomic status

PMID:
27003830
PMCID:
PMC4912880
DOI:
10.1016/j.dcn.2016.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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