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J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2016 Nov 21;29(4):817-823.

Short-term effects of upper extremity circuit resistance training on muscle strength and functional independence in patients with paraplegia.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Health and Counseling Center of Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
3
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Selcuklu Private Hospital, Karaman, Turkey.
4
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
5
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

A number of exercises to strengthen the upper extremities are recommended to increase functional independence and quality of life (QoL) in patients with paraplegia. Circuit resistance training (CRT) is a type of progressive resistive exercise performed repeatedly at fixed mechanical exercise stations. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential benefits of CRT for upper extremity muscle strength, functional independence, and QoL in patients with paraplegia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty-six patients with paraplegia who were participating in a conventional rehabilitation program at a tertiary education and research hospital were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups. The exercise group participated in the CRT program, which consisted of repetitive exercises for the upper extremities performed at fixed mechanical stations 5 sessions per week for 6 weeks, in addition to conventional rehabilitation. Participants in the control group received only conventional rehabilitation over the same period. We compared the groups with respect to QoL, as well as isokinetic muscle test outcomes in the upper extremities, using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Borg's scale.

RESULTS:

We observed significant increases in scores on the physical component of the FIM, Borg's scale, and QoL in both the exercise and control groups. Furthermore, the large majority of isokinetic values were significantly more improved in the exercise group compared to the control group. When post-treatment outcomes were compared between the groups, improvements in scores on the physical component of the FIM and in most isokinetic values were significantly greater in the exercise group.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study showed that CRT has positive effects on muscle strength in the upper extremities and the physical disability components of the FIM when added to conventional rehabilitation programs for paraplegic patients. However, we observed no significant improvement in QoL scores after adding CRT to a conventional treatment regime.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Randomized trial (Level II).

KEYWORDS:

Circuit resistance training; isokinetic tests; paraplegia; upper extremities

PMID:
27002667
DOI:
10.3233/BMR-160694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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