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Am J Transplant. 2016 Sep;16(9):2695-703. doi: 10.1111/ajt.13798. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

HLA Matching at the Eplet Level Protects Against Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction.

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Victorian Transplantation and Immunogenetics Service, Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Melbourne, Australia.
Research and Development, Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Sydney, Australia.
Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Lung Transplant Service, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.


Donor selection in lung transplantation (LTx) is historically based upon clinical urgency, ABO compatibility, and donor size. HLA matching is not routinely considered; however, the presence or later development of anti-HLA antibodies is associated with poorer outcomes, particularly chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). Using eplet mismatches, we aimed to determine whether donor/recipient HLA incompatibility was a significant predictor of CLAD. One hundred seventy-five LTx undertaken at the Alfred Hospital between 2008 and 2012 met criteria. Post-LTx monitoring was continued for at least 12 months, or until patient death. HLA typing was performed by sequence-based typing and Luminex sequence-specific oligonucleotide. Using HLAMatchmaker, eplet mismatches between each donor/recipient pairing were analyzed and correlated against incidences of CLAD. HLA-DRB1/3/4/5+DQA/B eplet mismatch was a significant predictor of CLAD (hazard ratio [HR] 3.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.71-8.29 p < 0.001). When bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS) were analyzed independently, HLA-DRB1/3/4/5 + DQA/B eplet mismatch was shown to significantly predict RAS (HR 8.3, 95% CI: 2.46-27.97 p < 0.001) but not BOS (HR 1.92, 95% CI: 0.64-5.72, p = 0.237). HLA-A/B eplet mismatch was shown not to be a significant predictor when analyzed independently but did provide additional stratification of results. This study illustrates the importance of epitope immunogenicity in defining donor-recipient immune compatibility in LTx.


basic (laboratory) research/science; bronchiolitis obliterans (BOS); clinical research/practice; histocompatibility; lung (allograft) function/dysfunction; lung transplantation/pulmonology; major histocompatibility complex (MHC); organ transplantation in general

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