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Cell. 2016 Apr 7;165(2):464-74. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.02.028. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Root Endophyte Colletotrichum tofieldiae Confers Plant Fitness Benefits that Are Phosphate Status Dependent.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany; Department of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 630-0192 Nara, Japan.
2
Botanical Institute, Cologne Biocenter, University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany.
3
Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (UPM-INIA) and E.T.S.I. Agrónomos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Campus de Montegancedo, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain.
4
Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany; Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany.
5
Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany.
6
Botanical Institute, Cologne Biocenter, University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany; Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany.
7
Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany; UMR BIOGER, INRA, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France. Electronic address: richard.oconnell@versailles.inra.fr.
8
Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany; Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: schlef@mpipz.mpg.de.

Abstract

A staggering diversity of endophytic fungi associate with healthy plants in nature, but it is usually unclear whether these represent stochastic encounters or provide host fitness benefits. Although most characterized species of the fungal genus Colletotrichum are destructive pathogens, we show here that C. tofieldiae (Ct) is an endemic endophyte in natural Arabidopsis thaliana populations in central Spain. Colonization by Ct initiates in roots but can also spread systemically into shoots. Ct transfers the macronutrient phosphorus to shoots, promotes plant growth, and increases fertility only under phosphorus-deficient conditions, a nutrient status that might have facilitated the transition from pathogenic to beneficial lifestyles. The host's phosphate starvation response (PSR) system controls Ct root colonization and is needed for plant growth promotion (PGP). PGP also requires PEN2-dependent indole glucosinolate metabolism, a component of innate immune responses, indicating a functional link between innate immunity and the PSR system during beneficial interactions with Ct.

PMID:
26997485
PMCID:
PMC4826447
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2016.02.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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