Send to

Choose Destination
Diabet Med. 2016 Aug;33(8):1060-6. doi: 10.1111/dme.13116. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

One-hour post-load plasma glucose level during the OGTT predicts mortality: observations from the Israel Study of Glucose Intolerance, Obesity and Hypertension.

Author information

NYU Diabetes Prevention Program, NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA.
Unit for Cardiovascular Epidemiology, The Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, USA.
Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Erratum in



The relationship between 1- and 2-h glucose levels following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and long-term mortality was evaluated.


Over a 33-year period, 2138 individuals were followed for all-cause mortality. Fasting and post-OGTT glucose parameters categorized the cohort according to baseline glycaemic status. Four categories were established according to 1- and 2-h glucose levels (in mmol/l): group A = 1 h ≤ 8.8 and 2 h < 7.8; group B = 1 h > 8.6 and 2 h < 7.8; group C = 1 h ≤ 8.6 and 2 h = 7.8-11.1 (impaired glucose tolerance); group D = 1 h > 8.6 and 2 h = 7.8-11.1 (impaired glucose tolerance). Individuals with diabetes at baseline were excluded from the cohort.


By August 2013, 51% of the study cohort had died. The worst prognosis occurred in group D (73.8% mortality), followed by groups C (67.5%), B and A (57.9% and 41.6%, respectively). When the 2-h glucose value is 'normal' (< 7.8 mmol/l), the 1-h glucose value > 8.6 mmol/l is an important predictor of mortality (28% increased risk) compared with group A, controlling for sex, age, smoking, BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressures. A gradual increased hazard for mortality was seen by study group (hazard ratio = 1.28, 1.60 and 1.76, for groups B, C and D, respectively; group A = reference).


A 1-h glucose value > 8.6 mmol/l predicts mortality even when the 2-h level is < 7.8 mmol/l. However, when the 2-h level is in the impaired glucose tolerance range, the hazard for mortality rises significantly independent of the 1-h value. Individuals at risk for developing diabetes could be identified earlier using the 1-h threshold value of 8.6 mmol/l, which could avert progression to diabetes and increased mortality.‬.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center