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J Reprod Med. 2016 Jan-Feb;61(1-2):39-46.

Expression of Heme Oxygenase-1 and Leukemia Inhibitory Factor in Maternal Plasma and Placental Tissue in a Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Late Pregnancy Preterm Birth Mouse Model.



To investigate the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in maternal plasma and placental tissue in intrauterine infection-induced preterm birth.


Using a mouse model of intrauterine infection in preterm birth, we used magnetic beads to extract normal pregnant mouse spleen Treg cells, injecting them into lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated pregnant mice. The subjects were divided into 4 groups: control group, LPS group, LPS+PBS group, and LPS+Treg group. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to evaluate HO-1, LIF mRNA, and protein levels in the placenta. ELISA was used to detect these parameters in the peripheral blood of pregnant mice.


The expression of HO-1 and LIF in the placenta of the LPS group was significantly decreased when compared to that of the control group (p<0.05). Serum HO-1 and LIF levels were higher than in the control group (p<0.05). In the Treg cell-treated group placental tissue HO-1 and LIF expression were significantly higher than in the LPS group (p<0.05), and serum HO-1 and LIF expression were significantly lower than in the LPS group (p<0.05).


HO-1 and LIF participate with Treg cells in the maternal-fetal interface, producing a unique immune microenvironment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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