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Indian Heart J. 2015 Dec;67 Suppl 3:S103-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2015.07.013. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Complex regional pain syndrome type I following pacemaker implantation.

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Specialist, Department of Medicine, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, India. Electronic address:
Senior Specialist & HOD, Department of Medicine, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, India.


A 70-year-old woman presented with burning pain and swelling over dorsum of right hand and small joints of the fingers, associated with redness, feeling of warmth, and stiffness of the fingers, with inability to bend the fingers since 2 months. The symptoms were progressively increasing in intensity for the past 1 month. There was no history of fever or trauma to the hand. Two months before her symptoms started, she had permanent pacemaker implanted for complete heart block with syncope. She was hypertensive and was on regular medication. Her X-ray of right hand showed decreased bone density (demineralisation), suggestive of osteopenia. A diagnosis of reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome or complex regional pain syndrome type I induced by pacemaker insertion was made. She was treated with amitriptyline and steroids, after which her symptoms improved dramatically.


Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS); Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI); Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS)

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