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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Aug;1864(8):896-907. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.03.010. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Polyploidy and the proteome.

Author information

1
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address: dsoltis@ufl.edu.
2
Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
3
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
4
Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA; Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
5
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address: psoltis@flmnh.ufl.edu.

Abstract

Although major advances have been made during the past 20 years in our understanding of the genetic and genomic consequences of polyploidy, our knowledge of polyploidy and the proteome is in its infancy. One of our goals is to stimulate additional study, particularly broad-scale proteomic analyses of polyploids and their progenitors. Although it may be too early to generalize regarding the extent to which transcriptomic data are predictive of the proteome of polyploids, it is clear that the proteome does not always reflect the transcriptome. Despite limited data, important observations on the proteomes of polyploids are emerging. In some cases, proteomic profiles show qualitatively and/or quantitatively non-additive patterns, and proteomic novelty has been observed. Allopolyploids generally combine the parental contributions, but there is evidence of parental dominance of one contributing genome in some allopolyploids. Autopolyploids are typically qualitatively identical to but quantitatively different from their parents. There is also evidence of parental legacy at the proteomic level. Proteomes clearly provide insights into the consequences of genomic merger and doubling beyond what is obtained from genomic and/or transcriptomic data. Translating proteomic changes in polyploids to differences in morphology and physiology remains the holy grail of polyploidy--this daunting task of linking genotype to proteome to phenotype should emerge as a focus of polyploidy research in the next decade. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant Proteomics--a bridge between fundamental processes and crop production, edited by Dr. Hans-Peter Mock.

KEYWORDS:

Genome; Polyploidy; Proteome features; Proteomics; Transcriptome; Whole-genome duplication

PMID:
26993527
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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