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PLoS One. 2016 Mar 18;11(3):e0151759. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151759. eCollection 2016.

Family and College Environmental Exposures Mediate the Relationship between Parental Education and Depression among College Students.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Psychology, Public Health Institute of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
2
Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Clinical Psychology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
4
Department of Internal Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China.
5
Department of Medical Psychology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
6
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Public Health Institute of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
7
Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College, Shandong, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Depression is a major health concern for college students due to its substantial morbidity and mortality. Although low parental education has been identified as a factor in depression in college students, the mechanisms through which parental educational achievement affects students' depression are not well understood. We tested whether adverse family and college environments mediate the relationship between parental educational level and depression among Chinese college students.

METHODS:

A total of 5180 respondents were selected using a cross-sectional survey. We examined the association of parental education, adverse family and college environments with depression in college students using the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, Beck Depression Inventory and socio-demographic questionnaires.

RESULTS:

Lower parental educational level is significantly correlated with depression in college students in our sample. Additionally, low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, having been scolded and beaten by parents, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends, heavy course load and failure in selection processes are also associated with parental education. Low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends and heavy course load mediated the relationship between parental education and depression in college students.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adverse family and college environments could explain the influence of parental educational level on depression in college students.

PMID:
26991783
PMCID:
PMC4798396
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0151759
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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