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Support Care Cancer. 2016 Aug;24(8):3425-36. doi: 10.1007/s00520-016-3157-7. Epub 2016 Mar 18.

Preferences for the organization of long-term follow-up in adolescent and young adult cancer survivors.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences & Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Frohburgstrasse 3, 6002, Lucerne, Switzerland.
2
Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug, Institute of Surgical Pathology, University Hospital Zurich and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University Zurich, Vogelsangstrasse 10, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.
3
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.
4
Department of Health Sciences & Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Frohburgstrasse 3, 6002, Lucerne, Switzerland. gisela.michel@unilu.ch.
5
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012, Bern, Switzerland. gisela.michel@unilu.ch.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

As survival rates of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients increase, a growing number of AYA cancer survivors need follow-up care. However, there is little research on their preferences for follow-up care. We aimed to (1) describe AYA cancer survivors' preferences for the organization and content of follow-up care, (2) describe their preferences for different models of follow-up, and (3) investigate clinical and sociodemographic characteristics associated with preferences for the different models.

METHODS:

AYA cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at age 16-25 years; ≥5 years after diagnosis) were identified through the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug. Survivors completed a questionnaire on follow-up attendance, preferences for organizational aspects of follow-up care (what is important during follow-up, what should be included during appointments, what specialists should be involved, location), models of follow-up (telephone/questionnaire, general practitioner (GP), pediatric oncologist, medical oncologist, multidisciplinary team), and sociodemographic characteristics. Information on tumor and treatment was available through the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug.

RESULTS:

Of 389 contacted survivors, 160 (41.1 %) participated and 92 (57.5 %) reported still attending follow-up. Medical aspects of follow-up care were more important than general aspects (p < 0.001). Among different organizational models, follow-up by a medical oncologist was rated higher than all other models (p = 0.002). Non-attenders of follow-up rated GP-led follow-up significantly higher than attenders (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Swiss AYA cancer survivors valued medical content of follow-up and showed a preference for medical oncologist-led follow-up. Implementation of different models of follow-up care might improve accessibility and attendance among AYA cancer survivors.

KEYWORDS:

AYA; Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors; Long-term follow-up; Models of care; Preferences

PMID:
26988228
DOI:
10.1007/s00520-016-3157-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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