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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Aug;1864(8):1016-38. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.03.009. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Multifunctionality of plastid nucleoids as revealed by proteome analyses.

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Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, Western Australia, Australia.
Institute of Botany, Christian-Albrecht-University of Kiel, Olshausenstra├če 40, 24118 Kiel, Germany.


Protocols aimed at the isolation of nucleoids and transcriptionally active chromosomes (TACs) from plastids of higher plants have been established already decades ago, but only recent improvements in the mass spectrometry methods enabled detailed proteomic characterization of their components. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the protein compositions obtained from two proteomic studies of TAC fractions isolated from Arabidopsis/mustard and spinach chloroplasts, respectively, as well as nucleoid fractions from Arabidopsis, maize and pea. Interestingly, different approaches as well as the use of diverse starting materials resulted in the detection of varying protein catalogues with a number of shared proteins. Possible reasons for the discrepancies between the protein repertoires and for missing out some of the nucleoid proteins that have been identified previously by other means than mass spectrometry as well as the repeated identification of "unexpected" proteins indicating potential links between DNA/RNA-associated nucleoid core functions and energy metabolism as well as biosynthetic activities of plastids will be discussed. In accordance with the nucleoid association of proteins involved in key functions of plastids including photosynthesis, the phenotypes of mutants lacking one or the other plastid nucleoid-associated protein (ptNAP) show the importance of nucleoid proteins for overall plant development and growth. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant Proteomics--a bridge between fundamental processes and crop production, edited by Dr. Hans-Peter Mock.


Chloroplasts; Nucleoid; Plastids; Proteome; Transcriptionally active chromosome (TAC)

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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