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JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2015 Jan-Mar;53(197):28-30.

Cytological Diagnosis of Primary Thyroid Tuberculosis.

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Department of Pathology, Swami Dayanand Hospital, Delhi, 110095, India.
Department of Gynaecology, Swami Dayanand Hospital, Delhi-110095, India.


Primary thyroid tuberculosis is an extremely rare disease, even in countries where other forms of tuberculosis are abundant. TT has no age bar but usually affects women in fourth and fifth decade. Hereby, we report a case of 16-years-old girl presented with complaint of progressively increasing, painful thyroid swelling. Diagnosis of TT was made on cytology and there was no evidence of involvement of any other organ by tuberculosis. Despite of its rarity, TT is usually misdiagnosed. So, a clinician should always consider this entity in the differential diagnosis of thyroid swelling. Fine needle aspiration cytology is the best diagnostic method and can result in the avoidance of unnecessary thyroid surgeries.


cytology; granuloma; thyroid; tuberculosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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