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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2016 Apr;25(2):219-33. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2015.12.003. Epub 2016 Jan 22.

Suicide Prevention Strategies for Improving Population Health.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 550 North Broadway, Room 921, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 550 North Broadway, Room 921, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: hwilcox1@jhmi.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Abstract

Suicide is a public health problem that accounts for more than 1 million deaths annually worldwide. This article addresses evidence-based and promising youth suicide prevention approaches at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Coordinated, developmentally timed, evidence-based suicide prevention approaches at all intervention levels are likely to reduce youth suicide. For most youth who die by suicide, there are opportunities for intervention before imminent risk develops. Current research in suicide prevention points to the value of investing in "upstream" universal interventions that build skills and resilience as well as policies that enable access to care and protection from lethal means.

KEYWORDS:

Attempted suicide; Prevention and control; Public health; Suicide

PMID:
26980125
DOI:
10.1016/j.chc.2015.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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