Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutrients. 2016 Mar 10;8(3):157. doi: 10.3390/nu8030157.

Diagnosing and Treating Intolerance to Carbohydrates in Children.

Author information

1
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. berni@unina.it.
2
European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food Induced Diseases, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. berni@unina.it.
3
CEINGE Advanced Biotechnologies, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. berni@unina.it.
4
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. cinzia.pezzella@gmail.com.
5
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. antonioamoroso87@gmail.com.
6
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. tom.cozzolino@gmail.com.
7
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. carmendiscala@gmail.com.
8
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. annalisa.passariello@unina.it.

Abstract

Intolerance to carbohydrates is relatively common in childhood, but still poorly recognized and managed. Over recent years it has come to the forefront because of progresses in our knowledge on the mechanisms and treatment of these conditions. Children with intolerance to carbohydrates often present with unexplained signs and symptoms. Here, we examine the most up-to-date research on these intolerances, discuss controversies relating to the diagnostic approach, including the role of molecular analysis, and provide new insights into modern management in the pediatric age, including the most recent evidence for correct dietary treatment.

KEYWORDS:

FODMAPs intolerance; breath test; fructose malabsorption; glucose-galactose malabsorption; lactose intolerance; molecular analysis; sorbitol intolerance; sucrase-isomaltase deficiency; trehalose intolerance

PMID:
26978392
PMCID:
PMC4808885
DOI:
10.3390/nu8030157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center