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J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Feb;39(2):121-39.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.01.002.

The Effectiveness of Multimodal Care for the Management of Soft Tissue Injuries of the Shoulder: A Systematic Review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration.

Author information

1
Graduate Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Oshawa, ON, Canada.
2
Canada Research Chair in Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Oshawa, ON, Canada; Associate Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada; Director, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: Pierre.Cote@uoit.ca.
3
Research Associate, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Adjunct Professor, Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
4
Research Associate, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Associate Clinical Research Scientist, Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Instructor, Department of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
5
Research Associate, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Adjunct Professor, Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Instructor, Division of Undergraduate Education, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, ON, Canada.
6
Research Coordinator, Rebecca MacDonald Centre for Arthritis and Autoimmune Disease, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.
7
Professor, Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada.
8
Adjunct Professor, Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Clinical Research Manager, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Senior Clinical Research Scientist, Graduate Education and Research Programs, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
9
Director, Clinical Education and Patient Care, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
10
Adjunct Professor, Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada; Postdoctoral Fellow, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
11
Assistant to the Director, Department of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
12
Graduate Student, Department of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.
13
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Oshawa, ON, Canada.
14
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kinesiology, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Oshawa, ON, Canada.
15
Professor, Departments of Orthopedic Surgery and Environmental Medicine, Occupational and Industrial Orthopedic Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY.
16
Research Associate, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of multimodal care for the management of soft tissue injuries of the shoulder.

METHODS:

We conducted a systematic review and searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015. Two independent reviewers critically appraised studies using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria. We used best evidence synthesis to synthesize evidence from studies with low risk of bias.

RESULTS:

We screened 5885 articles, and 19 were eligible for critical appraisal. Ten randomized controlled trials had low risk of bias. For persistent subacromial impingement syndrome, multimodal care leads to similar outcomes as sham therapy, radial extracorporeal shock-wave therapy, or surgery. For subacromial impingement syndrome, multimodal care may be associated with small and nonclinically important improvement in pain and function compared with corticosteroid injections. For rotator cuff tendinitis, dietary-based multimodal care may be more effective than conventional multimodal care (exercise, soft tissue and manual therapy, and placebo tablets). For nonspecific shoulder pain, multimodal care may be more effective than wait list or usual care by a general practitioner, but it leads to similar outcomes as exercise or corticosteroid injections.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current evidence suggests that combining multiple interventions into 1 program of care does not lead to superior outcomes for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome or nonspecific shoulder pain. One randomized controlled trial suggested that dietary-based multimodal care (dietary advice, acupuncture, and enzyme tablets) may provide better outcomes over conventional multimodal care. However, these results need to be replicated.

KEYWORDS:

Combined Modality Therapy; Review Literature as Topic; Rotator Cuff; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome; Shoulder Pain; Soft Tissue Injuries; Tendinopathy

PMID:
26976375
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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