Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Hepatol. 2016 Jul;65(1):103-112. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2016.03.001. Epub 2016 Mar 11.

Hepatic oleate regulates liver stress response partially through PGC-1α during high-carbohydrate feeding.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
2
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
3
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA; Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: ntambi@biochem.wisc.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

High-carbohydrate diets contribute to the development of liver stress and fatty liver disease. While saturated fatty acids are known to induce liver stress, the role of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), synthesized by the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) family of enzymes, in regulation of liver function during lipogenic dietary conditions remains largely unknown. The major products of SCD-catalyzed reactions are oleate (18:1n-9) and palmitoleate (16:1n-7).

METHODS:

We generated mouse models with restricted exogenous MUFA supply and reduced endogenous MUFA synthesis, in which SCD1 global knockout (GKO) or liver-specific knockout (LKO) mice were fed a lipogenic high-sucrose very low-fat (HSVLF) or high-carbohydrate (HC) diet. In a gain-of-function context, we introduced liver-specific expression of either human SCD5, which synthesizes 18:1n-9, or mouse Scd3, which synthesizes 16:1n-7, into SCD1 GKO mice and fed the HSVLF diet.

RESULTS:

Lipogenic high-carbohydrate diets induced hepatic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inflammation in SCD1 GKO and LKO mice. Dietary supplementation with 18:1n-9, but not 18:0, prevented the HSVLF diet-induced hepatic ER stress and inflammation in SCD1 LKO mice, while hepatic SCD5, but not Scd3, expression reduced the ER stress and inflammation in GKO mice. Additional experiments revealed liver-specific deletion of the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α reduced hepatic inflammatory and ER stress response gene expression in SCD1 LKO mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate an indispensable role of hepatic oleate in protection against lipogenic diet-induced hepatic injury, and PGC-1α potentiates the ER stress response under conditions of restricted dietary oleate coupled to reduced capacity of endogenous hepatic oleate synthesis.

LAY SUMMARY:

Susceptibility to metabolic dysfunction is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. In this study we show that modulation of two genes regulates the liver response, including ER stress and inflammation, to a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet. We reveal that hepatic availability of oleate, a monounsaturated fatty acid, is important for maintenance of liver health.

KEYWORDS:

ER stress; Inflammation; Oleate; PGC-1α; Stearoyl-CoA desaturase

PMID:
26976120
PMCID:
PMC4939798
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2016.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center