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Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2017 Feb;267(1):89-92. doi: 10.1007/s00406-016-0686-5. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Nightmare frequency in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Schlaflabor, Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Postfach 12 21 20, 68072, Mannheim, Germany. Michael.Schredl@zi-mannheim.de.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Schlaflabor, Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Postfach 12 21 20, 68072, Mannheim, Germany.
3
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Bad Dürkheim, Germany.

Abstract

Nightmare frequency in adult ADHD patients has not yet been studied systematically. In a sample of 65 patients, it could be shown that nightmare frequency was elevated in ADHD patients compared to a sample representative for Germany. Frequent nightmares (once a week or more often) were reported by 4.62 % of the patients and 1.77 % of the controls. This increase was neither explained by the increased dream recall in general nor by the presence of a comorbid mental disorder. Questions about nightmares should be included in the diagnostic procedures for ADHD patients, and it should be tested whether well-established nightmare treatment strategies like imagery rehearsal treatment might be beneficial to those patients with nightmares.

KEYWORDS:

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; Comorbid mental disorder; Nightmares; Treatment

PMID:
26975614
DOI:
10.1007/s00406-016-0686-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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