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Rev Paul Pediatr. 2016 Jun;34(2):162-70. doi: 10.1016/j.rpped.2015.04.003. Epub 2016 Feb 24.

[Socioeconomic status indicators, physical activity, and overweight/obesity in Brazilian children].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

1
Centro de Estudos do Laboratório de Aptidão Física de São Caetano do Sul (CELAFISCS), São Caetano do Sul, SP, Brasil.
2
Centro de Estudos do Laboratório de Aptidão Física de São Caetano do Sul (CELAFISCS), São Caetano do Sul, SP, Brasil; Centro de Atendimento e Apoio ao Adolescente do Departamento de Pediatria da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brasil. Electronic address: gersonferrari08@yahoo.com.br.
3
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, Estados Unidos.
4
Syracuse University, New York, Estados Unidos; Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, Estados Unidos.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and physical activity and overweight/obesity in children.

METHODS:

485 children wore accelerometers for 7 days. Variables included time in sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and steps/day. Children were further categorized as meeting or not meeting guidelines of ≥60min/day MVPA and ≥12,000 steps/day. Body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) were measured using bioelec-trical impedance. Overweight/obesity was defined as BMI>+1 SD and BF%≥85th percentile. Parents answered questionnaires that questioned total annual household income, parental education level, parental employment status and automobile ownership.

RESULTS:

Children averaged 59.5min/day in MVPA (44.1% met MVPA guidelines), and 9639 steps/day (18.4% met steps/day guidelines). 45.4% and 33% were overweight/obese classified by BMI and BF% respectively. Higher relative total annual household income level (Odds Ratio 0.31; 95% confidence interval=0.15-0.65), and relatively higher maternal (OR=0.38; 95%CI=0.20-0.72) and paternal (OR=0.36; 95%CI=0.17-0.75) education levels were associ-ated with lower odds of children meeting MVPA guidelines. Household automobile ownership was associated with lower odds of children meeting MVPA (OR=0.48; 95%CI=0.31-0.75) and steps/day guidelines (OR=0.44; 95%CI=0.26-0.74).

CONCLUSIONS:

SES indicators were not associated with overweight/obesity, but higher SES was associated with lower odds of children meeting MVPA guidelines.

KEYWORDS:

Accelerometry; Acelerometria; Adiposidade; Adiposity; Child; Criança; Estilo de vida sedentário; Obesidade; Obesity; Sedentary lifestyle

PMID:
26975562
PMCID:
PMC4917266
DOI:
10.1016/j.rpped.2015.04.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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