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Health Psychol Res. 2013 Sep 23;1(3):e34. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e34. eCollection 2013 Sep 24.

Values-Based Action in Fibromyalgia: Results From a Randomized Pilot of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.

Author information

1
Atlanta Veteran's Affarirs Medical Center , GA, USA.
2
Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis , IN, USA.
3
Indiana University School of Public Health , Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Abstract

Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain condition characterized by pain, fatigue, and nonrestorative sleep. The disruptive symptoms of FMS are associated with reductions in quality of life related to family, intimate relationships, and work. The present study was part of a randomized pilot study of an 8-week Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention compared to education in a sample of 28 women with FMS. The Chronic Pain Values Inventory was administered at baseline, postintervention, and 12 week follow-up. Both groups showed significant improvements in family success, which were maintained at follow-up. Groups showed a differential pattern of success in work. The ACT group demonstrated significant, maintained improvements in success in intimate relationships, while the education group reported no changes over time. Findings suggest that both interventions may lead to improvements in valued living; however different interventions may be best suited for certain valued domains. The results of this study indicate that FMS patients are able to improve their success in family and intimate relationships and losses in these areas are not necessarily permanent.

KEYWORDS:

acceptance and commitment therapy; fibromyalgia; quality of life

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