Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Public Health. 2016 Sep;61(7):821-8. doi: 10.1007/s00038-016-0806-z. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Distress and unemployment: the related economic and noneconomic factors in a sample of unemployed adults.

Author information

1
Aventura Social, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. dianafguerreiro@gmail.com.
2
Medical School and CMDT, Nova University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. dianafguerreiro@gmail.com.
3
Aventura Social, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
4
William James Research Center, ISPA, Lisbon, Portugal.
5
Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Human Performance, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
6
Public Health Research Centre, National School of Public Health, Nova University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
7
Lisbon Lusíada University, Lisbon, Portugal.
8
ISAMB, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
9
Department of Mental Health, Medical School, Nova University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the associations between economic and noneconomic factors and psychological distress in a group of 748 unemployed adults during economic recession.

METHODS:

Data were collected through a questionnaire. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were used to test the associations between distress and the deprivation of income and latent benefits of employment (time structure, activity, status, collective purpose and social contact).

RESULTS:

The participants' mean of distress was higher than the national population mean, and 46.5% of the participants scored above that. All economic and noneconomic factors emerged as strong predictors of distress; particularly financial deprivation (OR 1.06; CI 95 % 1.04-1.09) and lack of structured time (OR 1.07; CI 95 % 1.05-1.09). Women (OR 1.40; CI 95 % 1.04-1.86) and people with lower education levels (OR 0.45; CI 95 % 0.34-0.61) were more affected.

CONCLUSIONS:

The unemployed individuals score high on distress, especially those facing financial strain and lack of structured time, and women and individuals with lower education in particular. Given the recessionary context and high unemployment rates, these insights raise awareness for policies and actions targeting the needs of unemployed people.

KEYWORDS:

Economic recession; Financial deprivation; Mental health; Psychological stress; Time structure; Unemployment

PMID:
26971795
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-016-0806-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center