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Adv Exp Med Biol. 1989;258:243-52.

Effect of copper on immune function and disease resistance.

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National Animal Disease Center, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010.


Recent evidence suggests that copper exacts an important role in the maintenance of immunocompetence. Copper deficiency results in decreased humoral and cell-mediated, as well as nonspecific immune function. Impairment of immune function may be highly correlated with an increased incidence of infection and higher mortality rates observed in copper-deficient animals. The actual mechanisms by which copper is involved in immune processes are not well defined. This review addresses the copper-immune function interaction and discusses possible immunomodulatory roles for copper.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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