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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 May;64:47-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.02.004. Epub 2016 Feb 13.

Outcomes for Physicians With Opioid Dependence Treated Without Agonist Pharmacotherapy in Physician Health Programs.

Author information

1
University of Florida, Department of Psychiatry, 4001 SW 13th St, Gainesville, FL 32608. Electronic address: lmerlo@UFL.edu.
2
Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc., 6191 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852 USA. Electronic address: Campbell.Mike@jeassociates.com.
3
Promises Treatment Centers, 2515 Wilshire Blvd, Santa Monica, CA 90403. Electronic address: gregory.skipper@gmail.com.
4
Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc., 6191 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852 USA. Electronic address: corinne.shea@ibhinc.org.
5
Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc., 6191 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852 USA. Electronic address: BobDuPont@aol.com.

Abstract

AIMS:

To compare treatment outcome among substance dependent physicians enrolled in a physician health program (PHP) who have a history of alcohol use only, any opioid use, or non-opioid drug use, in order to determine whether the distinctive PHP system of care management is as effective for individuals with opioid use disorders as for those with alcohol or other drug use disorders.

METHODS:

A 5-year, retrospective chart review, intent-to-treat analysis was conducted for all physicians admitted to 16 physician health programs (N=702; 85.5% male; age range=24-75). Analyses compared treatment outcomes for participants based upon their substance(s) of abuse [i.e., 1) "Alcohol Only" (n=204), 2) "Any Opioid" with or without alcohol use (n=339), and 3) "Non-Opioid" drug use with or without alcohol use (n=159)].

RESULTS:

In this sample, 75-80% of physicians across the three groups never tested positive for alcohol or drugs during their extended care management period with random drug testing. This included physicians with opioid dependence who did not receive opioid substitution therapy (OST). Of the 22.1% of physicians who had a positive test, two thirds (i.e., 14.5% of the total sample) had just one positive test, and only one third (i.e., 7.6% of the total sample) had more than one positive test. These results were similar in all three groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that individuals with opioid use disorders who are managed by PHPs can achieve long-term abstinence from opioids, alcohol, and other drugs without OST through participation in abstinence-based psychosocial treatment with extended, intensive care management following discharge.

KEYWORDS:

Abstinence; Opioid abuse; Opioid dependence; Physician health programs

PMID:
26971079
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2016.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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