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BMJ Open. 2016 Mar 11;6(3):e010359. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010359.

Measurement of Exercise Tolerance before Surgery (METS) study: a protocol for an international multicentre prospective cohort study of cardiopulmonary exercise testing prior to major non-cardiac surgery.

Collaborators (142)

Wallace S, Thompson B, Ellis M, Borg B, Kerridge R, Douglas J, Brannan J, Pretto J, Godsall MG, Beauchamp N, Allen S, Kennedy A, Wright E, Malherbe J, Ismail H, Riedel B, Melville A, Sivakumar H, Murmane A, Kenchington K, Gurunathan U, Stonell C, Brunello K, Steele K, Tronstand O, Masel P, Dent A, Smith E, Bodger A, Abolfathi M, Sivalingam P, Hall A, Painter T, Elliott A, Carrera AM, Terblanche NC, Pitt S, Samuels J, Wilde C, MacCormick M, Leslie K, Bramley D, Southcott AM, Grant J, Taylor H, Bates S, Towns M, Tippett A, Marshall F, Mazer CD, Kunasingam J, Yagnik A, Crescini C, McCartney CJ, Choi S, Somascanthan P, Flores K, Beattie WS, Karkouti K, Clarke HA, Jerath A, McCluskey SA, Wasowicz M, Day L, Pazmino-Canizares J, Oh P, Belliard R, Lee L, Dobson K, Chan V, Brull R, Ami N, Stanbrook M, Kagen K, Campbell D, Short T, Van Der Westhuizen J, Higgie K, Lindsay H, Jang R, Wong C, Mcallister D, Ali M, Kumar J, Waymouth E, Dimech J, Lorimer M, Sara R, Collingwood A, Olliff S, Gabriel S, Houston H, Dalley P, Hurford S, Hunt A, Andrews L, Navarra L, Jason-Smith A, Lum M, Martin D, James S, Phull M, Beilstein C, Bodger P, Everingham K, Hu Y, Niebrzegowska E, Corriea C, Creary T, Januszekska M, Ahmad T, Whalley J, Haslop R, McNeil J, Brown A, MacDonald N, Jhani S, Raobaikady R, Black E, Rooms M, Lawrence H, Jack S, Celinski M, Levett D, Edwards M, Salmon K, Bolger C, Loughney L, Seaward L, Collins H, Tyrell B, Tantony N, Golder K, Ackland G, Stephens RC, Gagello-Paredes L, Raj A, Lifford R, Melo M, Mamdani M, Hillis G, Wijeysundera HC.

Author information

1
St. Michael's Hospital/Toronto General Hospital/University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
3
Alfred Hospital/Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
4
St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
5
NHS Grampian, Aberdeen, UK.
6
University Health Network/Mount Sinai Hospital/University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
7
University of Toronto/St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
8
University Hospital Southampton/University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
9
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre/University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Preoperative functional capacity is considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular and other complications of major non-cardiac surgery. Nonetheless, the usual approach for estimating preoperative functional capacity, namely doctors' subjective assessment, may not accurately predict postoperative morbidity or mortality. 3 possible alternatives are cardiopulmonary exercise testing; the Duke Activity Status Index, a standardised questionnaire for estimating functional capacity; and the serum concentration of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP), a biomarker for heart failure and cardiac ischaemia.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS:

The Measurement of Exercise Tolerance before Surgery (METS) Study is a multicentre prospective cohort study of patients undergoing major elective non-cardiac surgery at 25 participating study sites in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK. We aim to recruit 1723 participants. Prior to surgery, participants undergo symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer, complete the Duke Activity Status Index questionnaire, undergo blood sampling to measure serum NT pro-BNP concentration and have their functional capacity subjectively assessed by their responsible doctors. Participants are followed for 1 year after surgery to assess vital status, postoperative complications and general health utilities. The primary outcome is all-cause death or non-fatal myocardial infarction within 30 days after surgery, and the secondary outcome is all-cause death within 1 year after surgery. Both receiver-operating-characteristic curve methods and risk reclassification table methods will be used to compare the prognostic accuracy of preoperative subjective assessment, peak oxygen consumption during cardiopulmonary exercise testing, Duke Activity Status Index scores and serum NT pro-BNP concentration.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:

The METS Study has received research ethics board approval at all sites. Participant recruitment began in March 2013, and 1-year follow-up is expected to finish in 2016. Publication of the results of the METS Study is anticipated to occur in 2017.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing; Natriuretic peptides; Postoperative complications; Preoperative assessment; Risk prediction

PMID:
26969643
PMCID:
PMC4800144
DOI:
10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010359
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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